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  • Stages in the lifecycle of a person with TB

    Learning Objectives

    describes about various stages in TB patients lifecycle. it includes screening, testing, diagnosis, treatment initiation, adherence monitoring and follow-up, treatment completion and long-term follow-up

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Persons with presumed TB disease are first screened for symptoms like cough and fever for more than 2 weeks, blood stained sputum and weight-loss. If found positive on screening, then the person with presumed TB referred for testing to the nearest health facility. If diagnosed with TB, then they are subsequently initiated on treatment. The TB patients initiated on treatment are regularly monitored with the help of field staff or digital interventions like 99DOTS and MERM (Medication Event Reminder Monitor) technology. NTEP staff also ensures that the TB patients are regularly followed up on monthly basis till their treatment completion.

 

Figure: Patient Flow

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